Faq About Ovarian Cysts

 

1. How important are the follicular cysts?

The follicle contains the egg which is normally released from this sac when it is mature enough. After the sac had ruptured and set free the egg, it will normally disintegrate. But when this sac does not rupture it will continue to grow and if it ends up measuring more than 8 cm then surgery is necessary. In most of the cases they do not get so large because they shrink after ovulation. If the follicular cyst breaks then pelvic pain will be felt by the women for at least 24 hours due to the bleeding which irritates the abdominal cavity. If bleeding does not stop then he surgeon must interfere and resolve this problem.

2. How are the follicular cysts diagnosed?

Diagnosing such cysts is made with an ultrasound tool. Also, a pelvic exam is helpful in a lot of cases. Without any complication the follicular cysts will disappear after 3 to 6 weeks. Sometimes the ovarian cysts can be confused with ovarian cancer so more tests must be done in order to be sure of the diagnose.

3. What is the corpus luteum cyst?

Generally after the egg is removed from the follicle and if the woman is not pregnant the follicle has to transform into luteum( also known as the yellow body), a smaller sac and then disintegrate. If this small sac gets filled with liquid and measures more than 3 cm it will form the corpus luteum cyst which will remain inside the ovary. This cyst generally ruptures during sexual intercourse and in the last days of the menstrual cycle.

In both follicular cysts and corpus luteum cysts cases, oral contraceptive therapy seems to prevent them from forming.

4. What is the endometrial cyst?

The endometrial tissue is normally found in the uterus but sometimes it can form in other places like outside the ovaries. They are produced during the menstrual cycle by hormone simulation and contain blackish blood which gives them the name of chocolate cysts. Their rupture leads to pelvic pain as all the material they contain gets in that area and creates adhesions between the local structures.

5. Are there any symptoms for the ovarian cysts?

At the beginning while these cysts are still under 3 cm there will be no symptoms. If they get to be larger than 10 cm or they rupture than pain on both sides or only on one side of the abdomen will occur. This pain differs in intensity during the menstruation cycle for each type of ovarian cyst.

6. Is there a risk of infertility if I have ovarian cysts?

The endometrial cyst is the only one that can interfere with the egg release and pickup. These cysts do not affect the quality of the egg but they can affect the ovulation and the follicular development.

7. What other ways are there of diagnosing an ovarian cyst besides ultrasounds?

There can be performed blood tests along with MRI and CT scanning in order to exclude the possibility of an ovarian cancer.

8. How exactly are these cysts treated?

Many gynecologists will recommend the patient an oophorectomy, meaning that the ovary will need to be removed. Sometimes even the hysterectomy will be considered as a measure of treatment. Some surgeons try to remove the cysts safely without spilling any of their contents into the abdomen and then try to reconstruct the ovary.

For more info about pain from ovarian cyst or even about ruptured ovarian cyst please review this page http://www.ovarian-cysts-center.com/

Groshan Fabiola
http://www.articlesbase.com/health-articles/faq-about-ovarian-cysts-118510.html

 

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Some Basics About Ovarian Cysts

 

An ovarian cyst is a sac that contains either a fluid or a fluid and solid mixture. They can grow either in the interior or on the outside surface of the ovary. While cysts can burst, hemorrhage or induce pain requiring surgery, most are harmless and will normally disappear on their own.

There are a large variety of ovarian cyst types and they have a broad range of growth sizes. Most are about the size of a pea but in some rare occasions they may measure over 40 inches in diameter and weigh about 100 pounds. There are a wide range of symptoms for ovarian cysts, from no symptoms to severe pain. Ovarian cysts have a lot of different causes, but most are a product of the ovulation cycle.

Usually, ovarian cysts happen during the reproductive years, but can also occur to post menopausal women. Roughly fifteen percent of all cases of ovarian cysts happen to women after their reproductive years. Post menopausal women are also more likely to have malignant cysts.

Ovarian cysts are usually of a benign type called functional cysts because they happen as a result of the ovulation cycle. There are other types of benign cysts including endometrial cysts, cystadenoma cysts, and dermoid cysts.

Often a person isn’t aware that she has a cyst until it’s discovered during a pelvic exam. Upon discovery of a cyst, a plan of treatment is formulated on the basis of the results of tests. These tests may include ultrasound to determine a cyst’s location, shape and size.

Ultrasound testing will also give information on whether the cyst is liquid, a solid, or a combination of liquid and solid. Hormone testing may be done to detect hormone related problems. A blood test may be used to check for cancerous cysts.

Your doctors diagnosis is the only way to be certain that you have them. Sometimes women with no apparent symptoms discover to their surprise that they have cysts after their checkup. Others find out that they have a completely different disorder even though they have painful abdominal symptoms.

The nature of a cyst as well as its type will decide its proper treatment. A cyst that’s small and painless, probably won’t require treatment. Birth control pills may be prescribed to repress ovarian cysts by stopping ovulation. They can also shrink down the diameter of an existing cyst.

The greatest concern of all with ovarian cysts is whether they’re benign or malignant. Even if benign, ovarian cysts may pose serious health risks if they continue to get larger, or rupture, or proliferate extensively. This is why it’s essential that they are monitored by your doctor on a regular basis.

Marc Sandford
http://www.articlesbase.com/women’s-health-articles/some-basics-about-ovarian-cysts-672401.html